Job Support Scheme (JSS) – Expansion for Closed Business Premises
With the imminent introduction of further local lockdowns of varying severity, Chancellor Rishi Sunak announced on Friday 9 October that the Government’s Coronavirus Job Support Scheme (JSS) is to be expanded to provide temporary support to businesses whose premises have been legally required to close as a direct result of Coronavirus restrictions.
The expanded scheme, which will begin on 1 November and run for six months, will support eligible businesses through the period they are affected by these restrictions by paying two thirds of each employees’ salary up to a maximum of £2,100 a month.
We have outlined the main details of the scheme below. We will continue to update you as further guidance is published in the coming weeks.
What we know so far
1. Why has the JSS been introduced?
The existing Job Support Scheme (JSS) which was introduced as part of the Winter Economy Plan on 24th September 2020, is being expanded to provide temporary support to businesses whose premises have been legally required to close as a direct result of Coronavirus restrictions set by one or more of the four governments of the UK.
2. What is the intention of the expansion to the JSS?
This expansion of the JSS will help businesses through the period they are affected by these restrictions, supporting the wage costs of employees who have been instructed to and cease work in eligible premises and enabling those premises to reopen as quickly as possible when they can. It is intended to help protect employee incomes, limit unemployment and maintain employer / employee matches.
3. When is the JSS expansion available to employers?
The JSS is available to employers for six months, from 1 November 2020 and will be reviewed in January. Further guidance will be published by the Government in the coming weeks.
4. Which employers are specifically eligible for the scheme?
In line with the rules for the JSS already announced, all employers with a UK bank account and a UK PAYE scheme registered on or before 23 September 2020 can access the scheme. This means a Real Time Information (RTI) submission notifying payment to that employee to HMRC must have been made on or before this date.
This scheme will cover businesses that, as a result of restrictions set by one or more of the four governments in the UK, are legally required to close their premises. This includes premises restricted to delivery or collection only services from their premises.
5. How will the scheme work for affected employers?
The scheme will pay a grant to the employer calculated on the number of eligible employees who have been instructed to and cease work at the relevant premises. Employers will only be able to use the scheme for employees who cannot work (paid or unpaid) for that employer.
6. What does the grant cover?
The employer must use the scheme to cover their employees’ wages and pay relevant payroll taxes. The whole of the grant must be used to meet employee costs.
The grant will not cover Class 1 employer NICs or pension contributions, although these contributions will remain payable by the employer.
Payments will be made in arrears, reimbursing the employer for the Government’s contribution.
7. Is there a minimum number of qualifying days for employers to be eligible?
Employers must be instructed to, and cease work, for a minimum of 7 consecutive (or calendar) days. An employee can return to work at a later date.
8. What do employers need to agree with their employees?
Employers must agree the new scheme with the relevant staff, make any changes to the employment contract by agreement, and notify the employee in writing. This agreement must be made available to HMRC on request.
9. Can employers claim other employment costs?
Claims must not overlap and must be made monthly in arrears. These payments will be taxable, and employers will be required to cover employer NICS and automatic enrolment pension contributions in full, where applicable, but are not required to make further contribution to wage costs. However, employers can top up employee pay if they wish.
10. Are there any employers who have been advised to close who cannot access the scheme?
Businesses required to close as a result of specific workplace outbreaks by local public health authorities are not eligible for this scheme.
11. Does the employer and/or employee have had to have used the CJRS previously?
In line with the rules of the JSS already announced, neither the employer nor the employee needs to have previously used the Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme. The Government’s expectation is that large employers using the Job Support Scheme will not be making capital distributions, such as dividend payments or share buybacks, whilst accessing the grant. Further details will be set out in later guidance from the Government.
12. What pay will employees receive in the scheme?
Similar to the Job Support Scheme, where employees receive two-thirds of their wages for time not worked, the grant per eligible employee available from the UK Government is two-thirds of their normal pay up to a limit of £2,100 per month. Further detail on how “normal” pay is calculated will be set out in later guidance.
13. How does the JSS expansion link in with the JSS?
Employers can claim under the expansion rules (announced on 9 October) if their premises are closed. When premises re-open, employers can claim under the JSS for firms facing reduced demand under the criteria for the JSS set out on 24 September.
14. Can employers still claim the Job Retention Bonus in February if they also claim the JSS?
In line with the announced JSS, employers will be able to claim the Job Retention Bonus for employees provided they are eligible and previously part of the CJRS. JSS grants can be used by employers to pay an employee’s wages and help meet the JRB Minimum Income Threshold.
15. Are there any rules relating to potential redundancy?
Employees cannot be made redundant or put on notice of redundancy during the period within which their employer is claiming the grant for that employee.
16. How and when can employers claim the grant?
This is a temporary scheme, available to employers from 1 November 2020 for 6 months and will be reviewed in January 2021.
Employers will be able to make a claim on a monthly basis online through gov.uk from December 2020 and this will be reviewed in January 2021.
17. How will HMRC police the scheme?
HMRC will check claims. Payments may be withheld or need to be paid back if a claim is found to be fraudulent or based on incorrect information. Grants can only be used as reimbursement for wage costs actually incurred.
HMRC intend to publish the name of employers who have used the scheme, and employees will be able to find out if their employer has claimed for them under the scheme. HMRC will continue to operate a hotline for individuals to make reports of any fraudulent claims they may be aware of.
Please contact Lee Muter or Paul Tucker using the contact details below if you have any immediate questions or would like further information.
Employment Taxes Partner
T: 07810 852 362
Employment Taxes Senior Manager
T: 07392 870 199
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